In 2011 Charles Forsman published his graphic novel The End of the F***ing World (TEOTFW). This novel forms the basis for the television serie directed by Jonathan Entwistle. The series first aired on the British television station, Channel 4, but in the beginning of 2018 it was also released on Netflix. This made the series accessible and well know all over the world.
In this thesis I will research the impact that the diegetic music has on the narration and the main characters. To do so there are a few concepts that need to be explained. Firstly, I will explain the interpretation of ‘diegetic music’ that will be used in this thesis. Although I do not exclude any sounds from being ‘music’, to allow a clear and constructive analysis of diegetic music I am, for this thesis, defining this as: songs that have music and lyrics, and are written to tell a story on their own, but are edited to the living world of the main characters.
I will then explain how to form meaning to music in in multimedia I will be using the theory proposed by Nicholas Cook in the article ‘Theorizing Musical Meaning’. In this he creates an analytical model that enables us to finding similarities between two distinct media. By placing characteristics of the music in the movie on the right side and characteristics of the movie on the left side, in the middle similarities are found in the middle and in the way we form meaning to what we hear and see.
Besides creating meaning to certain aspects based on our cultural and historical context we are able to distinguish certain functions that music can fulfill in film. Johnny Wingstedt describes six functional classes of which some have different sub-categories. Functions describe by Wingstedt are: Emotive class; Informative class (divided into categories of communication of meaning and communication of values; Establishing recognition; Descriptive class (divided into describing settings and describing physical activity; and guiding class (divided into indicative category and masking category).
The case studies in this thesis analyse the diegetic songs “settin’ the woods on fire” by Hank Williams as used in episode three as well as the song “keep on running” by The Spencer Davis Group as used in episode six. Both these case studies will address the main question of the thesis by analysing the music and film using Cook’s analytical model, as well as looking at how music fulfills certain functions according to Wingstedt’s six classes.
In conclusion this thesis describes the way in which meaning affects the viewer and the main characteris in different ways. This because the viewer has a different image, different emotions, and an overall different perspective with which they connect to the music. In addition, diegetic music that brings its own history with it is able to form an extra layer of context in the story, which fills several, but not all of functions Wingstedt purposed.